Soviet Union (FSU) especial attention should be given to the Russian Federation,
where most of the Jews who have remained in the FSU are now concentrated.
For such an analysis the first results of the 2002 Russian census should
be studied in detail, as well as the Jewish intercensal demographic decrease by
area/region. Recent emigration dramatically changed the places of residence of
the Jewish population that originated from the FSU. The worldwide size and
distribution of this Jewry will also be discussed.
Jews from the former Soviet Union (FSU) dramatically exacerbated the already unfavorable population
dynamics. During this period, emigration became the main reason for the rapid demographic decline of FSU
Jewry. Most of this movement was directed toward Israel, a very unusual north-to-south geographical
direction, whereas the rest was divided mostly between the US and Germany. Based on the statistics of FSU
countries, as well as statistics of countries of destination, we can develop a rather detailed pic ture of the
Jewish recent mass emigration and population decline.
This paper is a study of the demography of the contemporary post-Soviet Jewish Diaspora based on various statistical sources collected from many countries where these Jews live. It examines (post-) Soviet Jewish resettlement, and the demographic transformation of FSU Jews in the wake of the recent mass migration, especially in Israel. Based on this analysis, an update for 2010 of the number of the 'core' Jews (by self-identity) originating from the FSU by country was presented, and the total number of people belonging to the post-Soviet Jewish Diaspora worldwide and their distribution was estimated.
In the 1990s most of the second largest Jewish Diaspora population, which resided in the former Soviet Union (FSU), changed their places of residence. Whereas the majority emigrated to Israel, the rest were divided mostly between the USA and Germany. The aims of this paper are to present (post-) Soviet Jewish resettlement, and to study the demographic transformation in the course of this mass migration.
This paper is the first to compare ethnicity, religion and demographic change among Jews, Russians and Tatars in Russia proper. These three groups were chosen specifically because they represent distinctive religions, as well as greatly differing ethnic backgrounds and cultures. The demographic transition of these three very different ethnic groups was studied for a period of over one hundred years. Ample Russian demographic statistics by ethnic group provided a good basis for such analysis.
This article examines the severe age-sex imbalance and the increasing incidence of mixed marriage on the basis of the results of the 2002 Russian census. The changing marriage pattern and fertility among the Jews are discussed as reflected in the data of this census and a special processing of the birth certificates of 2002. Contemporary trends in family formation as well as the mass emigration led to changes in the “enlarged” Jewish population, and for their assessment new estimates of its size and structure are prepared.
Numerical dynamics of the Jews in Russia as a whole and in its two capital cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, during the 20th century have been examined in this paper. In an effort to understand the long-term population decline, the dynamics of Jewish marriage, fertility and mortality were analyzed in detail. The role of the negative balance of births and deaths was compared with the influence of emigration. Special attention was paid to the post-war period as a whole, and particularly the period following the start of the recent Jewish exodus from the former Soviet Union in 1989.
This paper is based mainly on the results of the post-war Soviet censuses concerning respondents' native language and second language. The statistical data on Yiddish were studied for the former union republics of the USSR and their capitals. For Belorussia, Ukraine and the Russian Federation, the data were also studied for their different regions. In the 1994 Russian microcensus, a question on the primary language of conversation at home was asked for the first time, and the respective data concerning Yiddish in the city of Moscow and Birobidzhan ("Jewish") oblast were analyzed.
This paper was presented at the conference "Yiddish in the Contemporary World" at Oxford, 19-21 April 1998, and revised in May 2012.
This report presents first results of a new series of demographic projections of the Jewish population in the Russian Republic, the largest component of the Former Soviet Union (FSU). The projection extends over a period of 25 years, between the mid-1990s and approaching the year 2020, and portrays different scenarios reflecting the most likely developments to be expected in conformity with a variety of assumptions.
demographic decline of the Jews in all countries of the former Soviet Union (FSU).
This migration and the demographic decline of Russia's Jewry have a specific
Comparing the Jewish population decline in the Russian Federation with the
much faster drop in other FSU countries will allow us to study the process of
concentration of remaining FSU Jews in Russia. We shall analyze the dynamics of
Jewish emigration from Russia as well as its directions. The place of Russia's Jews in
the redistribution of those Jews who have remained in the FSU will be indicated by
their migratory balance. Demographic selectivity of the recent Jewish mass emigration
from the Russian Federation and its consequences for the Jews remaining there will be
examined. Finally, the most recent dramatic increase of Jewish emigration after
Russia's financial crash of August 1998 will be depicted
. However, in the 1990s Jews migrated from Russia not only to Israel, but also to other countries, especially the USA and Germany. Thus, statistics of aliyah and statistics of Jewish emigration from the Russian Federation are not the same. Russian statistics contain data both on emigration to Israel, and on emigration of Jews to outside the FSU. The Israeli statistics of immigration, in turn, single out data on people arrived from the Russian Federation. Moreover, in both countries several sources of information reflect the various stages of the migration process, allowing for a pro-found comparison of the available data. This is of real importance, since only through such analysis can indicators of migration from Russia to Israel be correctly interpreted. The ultimate aim of this paper is to elaborate on the dynamics of the total level of Jewish emigration from the Russian Federation to outside the FSU on the basis of combined use of the statistical data of the two countries