How to Teach about the Holocaust? Psychological Obstacles in Historical Education in Poland and Germany
History Education and Conflict Transformation: Social Psychological Theories, History Teaching and Reconciliation
Holocaust education in many countries faces severe obstacles, and the effects of such education are far from desirable. Research on German students found that education about the National Socialist period in Germany did not improve intergroup attitudes. Similarly, a study performed on Polish students in Warsaw showed that the extent of Holocaust education did not affect intergroup attitudes and led to more biased vision of the Holocaust. In both countries current Holocaust education seems to convey simplified entitative information about groups—such that all members of perpetrator group are presented as evil, and all bystanders as righteous. Based on psychological research on moral emotions and psychological needs in reconciliation, we propose another approach to the Holocaust education. We suggest that education about the Holocaust should take into account psychological knowledge about the diversity of human behavior during genocide , including greater understanding of dehumanization , stereotyping , moral exclusion and bystander non-intervention.
Conflict Resolution Dialogue Inter-Communal Relations Main Topic: Holocaust and Memorial Holocaust Education
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Link to article including link to pdf, How to Teach about the Holocaust? Psychological Obstacles in Historical Education in Poland and Germany
How to Teach about the Holocaust? Psychological Obstacles in Historical Education in Poland and Germany. . 2017: https://archive.jpr.org.uk/https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-54681-0_7