Have Only Jews Suffered? Holocaust Remembrance and Polish National Resentment
In this article the term 'resentment', as used by Friedrich Nietzsche and then redefined by Max Scheler, is employed to explain anti-Semitic attitudes in Poland. The resentful attitude is based on the emotion of jealousy, which leads to a desire to degrade anyone with whom comparisons are made, in order to increase feelings of self-worth. This characteristic of the term was used to description of the group's attitudes. In this article, modern anti-Semitism is portrayed as an inseparable element of a wider Catholic-nationalist ideology, which creates the image of (symbolic) Jews as morally inferior and unfairly competing with (symbolic) Poles. In research conducted between 1992 and 2012 the author finds correlations between strong nationalist feelings and attitudes of jealousy and a desire to degrade Jewish people. The image produced by the empirical data is one in which the Jews are the enemy, directed by their own national (sic!) interests, and desiring to take advantage of the Poles, who are honest and idealistic, driving by theirs declarations and values, even against their own, actual interests.The author hopes the article can be a starting point for discussing the idea of resentment as a theoretical tool in research devoted not only to anti-Semitism, but also to xenophobia and attitudes to other groups in the democracy.
Antisemitism Antisemitism: Discourse Jewish - Non - Jewish Relations Main Topic: Antisemitism Attitudes to Jews Holocaust Memory
Link to article in JSTOR, Have Only Jews Suffered? Holocaust Remembrance and Polish National Resentment
Have Only Jews Suffered? Holocaust Remembrance and Polish National Resentment. 2015: 207-221. https://archive.jpr.org.uk/object-995