Abstract: The harmfulness of anti‐Semitic beliefs is widely discussed in current political and legal debates (e.g., Cutler v. Dorn). At the same time, empirical studies of the psychological consequences of such beliefs are scarce. The present research is an attempt to explore the structure of contemporary anti‐Semitic beliefs in Poland—and to evaluate their predictive role in discriminatory intentions and behavior targeting Jews. Another aim was to determine dispositional, situational, and identity correlates of different forms of anti‐Semitic beliefs and behavior. Study 1, performed on a nation‐wide representative sample of Polish adults (N = 979), suggests a three‐factorial structure of anti‐Semitic beliefs, consisting of: (1) belief in Jewish conspiracy, (2) traditional religious anti‐Judaic beliefs, and (3) secondary anti‐Semitic beliefs, focusing on Holocaust commemoration. Of these three beliefs, belief in Jewish conspiracy was the closest antecedent of anti‐Semitic behavioral intentions. Study 2 (N = 600 Internet users in Poland) confirmed the three‐factor structure of anti‐Semitic beliefs and proved that these beliefs explain actual behavior toward Jews in monetary donations. Both studies show that anti‐Semitic beliefs are related to authoritarian personality characteristics, victimhood‐based social identity, and relative deprivation.
Does identification predict community involvement? Exploring consequences of social identification among the Jewish minority in Poland
Abstract: Previous research indicated that people who strongly identify with their own group are more involved in the group's actions. The current study examines the relation between three dimensions of group identification (affect, ties, centrality) and forms of community involvement among members of the Jewish minority in Poland. The strength of ingroup ties predicted involvement in the ethnic minority community. The link between identification and involvement was mediated by the cultural dominance. The reported study was the first quantitative survey of the Jewish community in post-War Poland.
Translated Title: The history of Polish-Jewish relations in the eyes of Polish youth
Abstract: Książka zawiera teksty historyczne oraz artykuły dotyczące sztuki i religii żydowskiej, zagadnień związanych z tożsamością żydowską we współczesnej Polsce oraz stosunku Kościoła katolickiego do judaizmu. Zmieszczenie tak bardzo różnych tekstów w jednym tomie pokazuje, jak ważne jest interdyscyplinarne podejście do badania problematyki żydowskiej i gdzie znajdują się luki w uniwersyteckim kształceniu osób zainteresowanych szeroko pojętą judaistyką. Materiał zgromadzony w książce stanowi pokłosie I Ogólnopolskiej Konferencji Judaistycznej Młodych Naukowców, przygotowanej przez Sekcję Historia i Kultura Żydów Studenckiego Koła Naukowego Historyków UW przy organizacyjnej pomocy Centrum im. Mordechaja Anielewicza, która odbyła się w czerwcu 2005 roku w Instytucie Historycznym UW.
Living on the ashes: Collective representations of Polish–Jewish history among people living in the former Warsaw Ghetto area
Topics: Memory, Jewish Heritage, Jewish Neighbourhoods, Holocaust Memorials, Post-War Reconstruction, Main Topic: Holocaust and Memorial
Abstract: Before WWII Jews constituted one third of the Warsaw population. Muranów is the heart of the former Jewish district, the central area of the Warsaw Ghetto, installed by the Nazis in 1940. This district was totally destroyed during the war and its present urban shape not in the least reminds of its pre-war past. In this study, we investigated the collective memory of the district and representations of the Polish–Jewish history shared by contemporary inhabitants of Muranów. Ninety four residents were interviewed at their homes. The results show that “people living on the ashes” perceive the Jewish history of their place of residence as important and meaningful even though almost no visible remnants of the Jewish pre-war district have survived. The present attitudes and memories of the contemporary inhabitants seem to be shaped by the public ceremonies and educational tours which take place in the district, by presence of commemorating monuments and by the street names. These findings emphasize the crucial role of urban reminders such as museums, monuments and street names in the dynamics of collective memory.