Mais les faits sont là, qui résistent à toute prescription normative. Ceux que j'ai contactés pour réaliser cette étude m'ont souvent répondu être « l'homme (ou la femme) de la situation ! ». Ces termes parlent. S'y reconnaissent ou acceptent volontiers d'être définis comme tels, ceux pour lesquels être juif ne passe pas – ou plus, ou pas uniquement – par une expérience ou une pratique religieuse, au sens étroit. « Juifs non pratiquants » alors, comme l'on parle de « catholiques non pratiquants », gardant mémoire de leur éducation chrétienne et demeurant fidèles à certaines valeurs morales qui lui seraient attachées ? Cette synonymie, qui conserve un lien avec le seul domaine religieux, est trop restrictive. Se définir « juif laïc » connote un attachement actif ou nostalgique à des langues (le yiddish, le judéo-espagnol, l'hébreu...), à des cuisines, à des terres d'origine (l'Alsace, la Pologne, l'Egypte...), à des littératures, à des histoires nationales ou intimes : bref, à des pans différents selon chacun, de ce qui est constitutif des cultures juives. Sans aucun doute faut-il, dès l'abord, ajouter à cette définition plurielle son ombre portée : les recherches personnelles, les questions, les tâtonnements les efforts de mémoire et d'invention qu'elle suscite.
the sociocultural construct of human nature. Regarded as a construct whose form
and content is intrinsically connected to economic, historic and sociocultural factors,
the thesis attempts to explain how specific circumstances have caused the orthodox
Jewish community of Gateshead to re-negotiate and crystallize the concept of
human nature in their quest to live ethical and moral lives. In the last fifty years
this community has become known as a prominent centre for higher rabbinical
studies and attracts students from all over the world. Apart from its high
intellectual standards it has also gained a reputation as harbouring members who
are devoted to inter-personal ethics. The contention of this thesis is that the
community's level of compliance to such behaviours requires an awareness and a
well-defined notion of one's "inner" self and its various components that govern the
process of moral and ethical conduct.
Underpinning a wide range of sociocultural activities the thesis deals in particular
with the way in which ideas of human nature are inherent to the content and form
of indigenous educational theory. The process of child-rearing not only ensures the
reproduction of competent sociocultural members, it also aids the child in acquiring
an understanding of its "inner" self. The latter is in Gateshead defined as the locus
of personal and individual responsibility and is consequently vital in making the child
aware of its potentiality for moral conduct.
By carefully analyzing mother-child interactions it is revealed how the structure and
content of these interactions are organized by and expressive of inherent ideas
concerning the concept of human nature. Through active participation in these
interaction sequences the child is provided with an opportunity to construct and
acquire an understanding of itself as a moral agent.
Este libro es la crónica fiel y minuciosa de ese Retorno a Sefarad, un capitulo de nuestra reciente historia muy poco conocido y que ahora, por primera vez, se nos presenta en todos sus pormenores, gracias a la intensa y rigurosa labor investigadora del autor, que ha tenido acceso a importantes archivos españoles y extranjeros, y oportunidad de entrevistarse con muchos de los protagonistas de esta historia.
José Antonio Lisbona Martín, es periodista, con más de una década de ejercicio; ha cursado estudios de Ciencias Políticas en su especialidad de Relaciones Internacionales y es diplomado en Lengua y Civilización francesa por la Universidad de la Sorbona de Paris. Su carrera profesional se ha desarrollado en el diario La Vanguardia, la agencia de noticias Efe y en Televisión Española. En la actualidad es corresponsal-jefe de Radio France Internationale para España y Portugal Colabora regularmente en el diario El País y en otros medios de comunicación nacionales y extranjeros. Especialista en temas de Oriente Medio, es autor de varias monografías de arte y de otro libro de investigación como: España-Israel. Historia de unas Relaciones Secretas.
and sociological layers of extreme diversity. This study focuses on major differences of Jewish-Gentile relations in Hungary
before and after the Shoah, the communist take-over representing structural break in this matter. The Liberal period (till 1918) of
modernization with the emergence of the nation state can be opposed to the authoritarian "Christian Course" of the Inter-War
years leading to the short-lived but devastating fascist state. With the maintenance of measure of social and religious
antisemitism in the first despite official policies of emancipation and equality and on the contrary with the preservation of the main
civil rights protecting to some Jews till the German Occupation combined with government sponsored anti-Jewish drive both
rested upon ambiguous foundations. The Communists integrated many Jews in the new power structure break through in local
history) but imposed taboo on the Jewish past persecuted Zionism and implicity the Jewish spirit under bourgeois or
cosmopolitan disguises. The 1956 Popular Front and its aftermaths brought about new kind of Jewish Gentile understanding in
oppositional circles of the Regime, but also restored the position of Jewish members of the party machinery. In the postCommunist transition there are no economic arguments to revive Old Regime antisemitism but symbolic divisions are still
operational and continue to disturb the democratic political game
MICHAEL L. GROSS
Ethiopian Immigrants in Israel: Between Preservation of Culture and Invention of Tradition
STEVEN KAPLAN and CHAIM ROSEN
Non-Ritual Alcohol Use among Israeli Jews
Register of Social Research on British Jewry 1992
FRANCES COHEN and ANN FRANSES
Louis Rosenberg's Canada's Jews: A Social and Economic Study of the Jews in Canada, published in 1939, was a pioneering if unfortunately neglected classic of Canadian ethnic demography and sociology. His work was a product of his personal biography, the current sociopolitical context, and the customs and norms of his discipline. What follows is a brief and far from exhaustive treatment of the man, the times and the work.
This paper is devoted to improving our understanding of the environment within which American Jews make their marital choice decisions, focussing on the relationship between Jewish outmarriage and marital stability. The first part develops those aspects of the economic theory of marriage that affect religious intermarriage. The second part places the Jewish experience in the context of American religious pluralism, summarizing the evidence for other American religions and considering ecumenism as a factor in Jewish outmarriage. The third part concludes with a summary of findings and their implications for the American Jewish community.
Examines the labor supply behavior of American Jewish women in the context of the family, which may have contributed substantially to the evolution of the advantageous economic position of American Jews. The author suggests that efforts to develop high quality child care and kindergarten through grade 12 education for Jewish children may be crucial for the continued achievement of American Jews.
This paper uses the 1990 National Jewish Population Study to examine the relation of Jewish education to the strength of Jewish identity of adult respondents. It then turns to the Jewish education of the children, describing their Jewish education and assessing the impact of their parents' Jewish education on the children.
This article presents updates, as of the end of 1991, on the Jewish population estimates for various countries around the world. The country figures for 1991 were updated from those for 1990 in accordance with the known or estimated changes in the interval events, identification changes, and migrations. During the year 1991, national censuses were carried out in Canada and Australia and Jewish sociodemographic surveys were completed in South Africa and in Mexico. Two important data collection projects have already yielded results on major Jewish populations: the official population census of the Soviet Union held in 1989, and the 1990 National Jewish Population Survey (NJPS) in the United States. The respective results basically confirm the estimates reported in previous American Jewish Year Book volumes and our interpretation of the trends now prevailing in the demography of world Jewry.
The purpose of this study is to characterize the Jewish involvement of baby boomers as a function of demographic and socio-economic factors, variations in Jewish affiliation, and types of Jewish education. Sections are devoted to the interrelations among the indicators of involvement, the causal influence of Jewish education on Jewish involvement, and to the characteristics of those who have recently increased their Jewish commitment.
This paper uses a unique data set on Jewish Americans to explore how their patterns of lifetime and recent migration have affected this population's redistribution across the United States. To the extent that the redistribution of Jewish Americans leads to a greater or lesser population concentration in particular locations, it may enhance or weaken the extent of their socioeconomic and demographic integration into the wider American population, the ability of individual members to maintain their Jewish identity, and, in turn, the ability of Jews to maintain their distinctiveness.
This paper examines stratification as one of the structural conditions that affects the cohesion within Jewish communities in the United States. It focuses on occupation and education using evidence from 1910, 1970, and 1990 data sources (U.S. Censuses and sample surveys) on Jewish men and women and other white, non Hispanics. The long term changes in Jewish American stratification and its continuing distinctive communal pattern are described. The data provide a basis for assessing the consequences of the changing stratification profile for the continuing developments of the American Jewish community.
The objective of this qualitative study was to examine Jewish remarried families from two perspectives: general problems that these families encountered as remarried parents and/or stepparents, and specifically Jewish issues or problems that arose when one or both of the principals were Jewish, particularly when there were children involved. The author reports on how spouses got to remarriage, how they dealt with relationships with ex-spouses, with step parenting and adjusting to remarriage, and with life cycle events like bar or bat mitzvahs. Key recommendations for the Jewish community include: being sensitive to the possible stigma experienced by remarried families, facilitating support groups, addressing special financial needs when appropriate, and creating an environment that recognizes and normalizes the existence of multiple types of families.
The author argues that American Jewry is on the verge of an organizational upheaval of an extent not seen for nearly a hundred years. He explains that a massive geographic shift concurrent with a rise in assimilation among the Jewish population has necessitated a massive restructuring of the community. The author contends that developing patterns of settlement emerging in the late 1970s offered Jews new opportunities for settling outside of Jewish neighborhoods or in very dispersed ones. He explains that this shift has been problematic for the Jewish Federations and concludes that the Federations must reconceptualize themselves to get away from the kind of centralization upon which they were previously based.
This paper analyzes trends in the attitudes and behavior of American Jews who contribute to Jewish philanthropies. Using research methods, a variety of areas have been explored, including motivations for giving, deterrence to giving, the role of Israel, and responses to Jewish organization and agencies. This paper does not include analyses of non-givers, who now constitute a major part of the American Jewish community. Qualitative data gathered through focus groups and personal interviews.
This paper examines the spatial residential behavior of Jews within the cities in which they live. Two methods were used here to analyze Jewish residential behavior: the geographical and the historical method. The Jewish communities examined are: Basel; Strasbourg; Amsterdam; Leeds; and Vancouver.
This study reports on two independent empirical research-works on American Jews. In the first study, combined data from local surveys of the Jewish communities in Los Angeles (1979), Philadelphia (1983) and Boston (1985) allowed for intercommunity comparisons. In the second study nation-wide data from the 1970 and the 1990 NJPS were merged and compared. Both researches examined the mutual relationship of migration behaviors and patterns of Jewish identification. These two studies allow a further comparison to be made between local and national studies.