Antisemitism and Holocaust Denial in Post-Communist Eastern Europe
At a meeting of the Helsinki signatories (CSCE — Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe) in Copenhagen in June 1990 a formal document was adopted which ‘clearly and unequivocally condemned anti-Semitism’ along with ‘racial and ethnic hatred’. The signatories agreed to ‘intensify their efforts to combat these phenomena’. The action was unprecedented. No international or regional treaty or agreement or declaration had ever specifically condemned anti-Semitism …. Motivation for the changed attitude resulted from the shock of European leaders with the results of the 1989 revolutions in East Central Europe which brought in their wake waves of hatred directed against Jews as well as Gypsies and migrants.
Link to article (paywalled), Antisemitism and Holocaust Denial in Post-Communist Eastern Europe
Antisemitism and Holocaust Denial in Post-Communist Eastern Europe. 2004: 440-468. https://archive.jpr.org.uk/10.1057/9780230524507_21