Het aantal gemelde antisemitische incidenten is opmerkelijk meer dan vorig jaar. Opvallend is dat er veel incidenten zijn in de werksfeer. Dat is niet eerder in die mate voorgekomen. Er is een gering aantal meldingen over revisionisme. Vermoedelijk heeft dit te maken met het strenge vervolgingsbeleid. Wellicht speelt ook de eenvoudige verspreiding van deze onsmakelijke ideeën via internet een rol. Er zijn meer gerechtelijke veroordelingen dan andere jaren. Een goede zaak is dat de politiek meer aandacht heeft voor de bestrijding van racisme, zie bv. het initiatief-wetsvoorstel van D66.
Het toegenomen aantal antisemitische incidenten valt in de tendens die blijkt uit een recent rapport van de Europese Commissie over racisme. Meer dan een derde van de inwoners van de EU zegt in dat onderzoek racistisch te zijn. Nederland zit met een derde van de ondervraagden dat zichzelf zeer of tamelijk racistisch noemt iets onder het Europees gemiddelde. Zestig procent van de Nederlanders vindt dat er voor meer buitenlanders in Nederland geen plaats is.
1840-1939: Patterns and Typology
W, D. RUBINSTEIN and HILARY L. RUBINSTEIN
The Nation oflslam and the Jews
ROBERT A. ROCKAWAY
Essential Outsiders: Chinese and Jews
The national identity of East Ukrainian Jewry represents a dynamic mixture of people's reactions to the historically formed circumstances and to their own existence in a specific environment. External and internal circumstances strengthen, in various periods, the role of certain specific elements of Jewish self-identity and weaken the importance of others. At the same time, the conservation of the structure of Jewish self-identity under Ukrainian conditions in general is an evident factor testifying to the great adaptive potential ofthe Jewish people.
Building on the distinction between religiosity and ethnicity, this study explores emerging patterns of Jewish identity in the United States. Specifically, it asks: how are the levels of key dimensions of Jewish identity changing? To do so, it focuses on how younger adult Jews differ from their elders, on the assumption that age-related variations point to recent and future trends in Jewish identity. In other words, it assumes that as younger Jews differ from their elders today, so too will American Jews of the future differ from Jews of the present.
Against a background of heightened anxiety over assimilation and the future of American Jews, this study seeks to assess the long-range impact of Young Judaea upon the Jewish identity of its alumni. It addresses a straightforward question: How do former participants in any of the variety of Young Judaea programs over nearly half a century differ from their counterparts in several critical areas of Jewish involvement? These include in-marriage, ritual practice, communal affiliation, attachment to Israel, and a commitment to raising Jewishly involved children. In the simplest of terms, how, if at all, did the Young Judaea experience affect the Jewish identities of former participants years later?
American Jewry's heightened concern with issues of Jewish identification and "continuity" has led to increased interest among scholars and communal leaders alike in the factors which shape, nourish and sustain Jewish commitment. Our purpose in this study is to explore the forces and motivations, which most affect Jewish commitment, by probing the behavior, attitudes, and backgrounds of those we call, "moderately affiliated American Jews." Three assumptions - two of them substantive, the third methodological - have guided us from the outset. All are based on previous research by us and others about American Jews, as well as on recent studies of religion and ethnicity among baby boomers more generally.
The author details many examples of egregious expressions of hatred and antisemitism from the Nation of Islam's Louis Farrakhan, as well as his spokesman and affiliates. Farrakhan can draw large numbers to his events, the author asserts, but for black leaders who aspire to mainstream leadership, Farrakhan is feared as a "kiss of political death."
The Jewish community in the United States has experienced a remarkable economic transformation during the twentieth century, from a community of impoverished immigrants to one of suburban professionals. This article first considers implications for American Jews' consumption patterns, including investments related to family life in general and Jewish family life in particular. Then follows an analysis of the effect of economic incentives on marriage, fertility and parenting, along with the consequences for American Jewish demographic patterns. The final section presents a brief summary of findings and some implications for the future of the American Jewish family. In Studies in Contemporary Jewry 14, 65-80.
The author discusses the experience of her agency, Jewish Experiences for Families (JEFF) with an "on location" Jewish immersion program called "Jewish Home Sweet Home." As the author explains, children were brought into a model Jewish home to experience kosher cooking, Jewish symbols and interactions and other non-scholastic learning experiences. In Jewish Education News, Fall 1998.
In this article the author seeks to probe the peculiar combination of closeness and distance that characterizes the relationship of American Jews to Israel. The author focuses on the role that Israel has played in American Jewish religious thought. Through a somewhat personal perspective, the author captures what Israel at 50 means for the individual American Jew.\
This study examines some of the effects that mainstreaming had upon eleven adolescents with developmental disabilities mainstreamed in a residential summer camp and on the "typical" campers with whom they were involved. More than half of the typical campers felt that this involvement had enhanced their summer and had positively affected their perceptions of people with handicaps. More than half of the campers with disabilities were perceived by their parents to have shown improvements in social, self-help, and cognitive skills after the four-week experience. Some of the possible reasons for these changes are discussed. In Journal of Jewish Communal Service, v.74 no.4, Summer 1998.
AIDS: Jewish Voices, a program of the Boston Jewish Family and Children's Services, aims to increase Jewish communal support and involvement in HIV/AIDS issues through educational workshops, a speaker's bureau, and support groups. This article describes an education and preventive program for Jewish adolescents offered in Jewish school settings that uses an interactive script format to engage participants in discussion and self-reflection. In Journal of Jewish Communal Service, v.74 no.4, Summer 1998.