Home  / EUR182

Anti-Israel Sentiment Predicts Anti-Semitism in Europe


Publication Name

Publication Date


In the discourse surrounding the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, extreme criticisms of Israel (e.g., Israel is an apartheid state,theIsrael Defense Forces deliberately target Palestinian civilians),coupled with extreme policy proposals (e.g., boycott of Israeli academics and institutions, divest from companies doing business with Israel), have sparked counterclaims that such criticisms are anti-Semitic (for only Israel is singled out). The research in this article shines a different, statistical light on this question: based on a survey of 500 citizens in each of 10 European countries, the authors ask whether those individuals with extreme anti-Israel views are more likely to be anti-Semitic. Even after controlling for numerous potentially confounding factors, they find that anti-Israel sentiment consistently predicts the probability that an individual is anti-Semitic, with the likelihood of measured anti-Semitism increasing with the extent of anti-Israel sentiment observed.



Geographic Coverage

Original Language



Page Number




Link to article (paywalled), Anti-Israel Sentiment Predicts Anti-Semitism in Europe

Bibliographic Information

Kaplan, Edward H., Small, Charles A. Anti-Israel Sentiment Predicts Anti-Semitism in Europe. Journal of Conflict Resolution. 2006: 548-561.  https://archive.jpr.org.uk/10.1177/0022002706289184