Topics: Main Topic: Antisemitism, Antisemitism: Monitoring, Antisemitism: Muslim, Antisemitism, Jewish - Muslim Relations, Islamophobia
Abstract: In recent years, the Netherlands has been frequently confronted with public incidents of anti-Semitism and Islamophobia. After defining the complex concepts of anti-Semitism and Islamophobia, presenting the theoretical approach to these phenomena, and sketching the societal context in which they are embedded, this article describes the development of the numbers of reported expressions of anti-Semitism and Islamophobia in the Netherlands since the turn of the century. It notes that the general level of annual numbers of recorded incidents of the phenomena has increased since 2000 and, at the same time, there are significant fluctuations in the numbers of notified incidents per year. These fluctuations correlate to outbursts of violence in the Middle East and to acts of violence committed in the name of Islam in the West, while the general higher level of incidents of anti-Semitism and Islamophobia relates to numerous and various threats experienced in the context of the Dutch multi-ethnic society, changes in national identity, and trends in globalisation.
Topics: Main Topic: Other, Comparisons with other communities, Jewish - Non - Jewish Relations, Conflict, Politics
Abstract: In responding to friction with mainstream society, minority groups follow a number of strategies ranging from accommodation to confrontation. This article examines the interaction between contemporary British society and two non‐Christian religions, the Anglo‐Jewish community and Sahaja Yoga. It notes that while these two groups are utterly different in most other respects, they pursue a similar strategy of adopting a low profile in relation to the larger culture. This strategy has the advantage of engendering the minimum amount of controversy and ensuring the greatest freedom of action possible, yet allowing them to maintain their distinctive religious identities. The article concludes with a discussion of the reasons why both groups adopt low, rather than high, profiles and of the ways in which such strategies may change over time.
Abstract: There are about 100,000 Jews in Hungary today. Most dwell in the capital, Budapest. Few are registered with the official Jewish community and most are assimilated. Since the demise of Communism in 1989, there has been a resurgence of Jewish life. However, can we say that there is a religious revival? There are new forms of Jewish religious life, but I argue that the revival is more cultural than religious in that more Jews are prepared to acknowledge their Jewish identity. In short, Jews are 'coming out'.
Topics: Finance, Poverty, Jewish Organisations, Jewish - Non - Jewish Relations, Care and Welfare, Main Topic: Other
Abstract: This paper is based on current research which is concerned with the revival of religious and ethnic identity among Jews in Hungary after the collapse of communism. Several non-governmental institutions, groups and individuals from various countries, but especially Israel, the UK and the USA, are involved in the revitalization and transformation of Jewish life in the areas of education, ethnicity, religion and social welfare. I examine the complex relationship between emigre donors, often from an Hungarian background, and local Hungarian Jews, to show how cultural aid is accepted, transformed and sometimes resisted. Such aid is not uni-directional from donor to recipient. Rather, it may require the donors to modify their goals; to realize that their assessment of Hungarian needs may be based on anachronistic attitudes. The impact of the recipients on the donors is such that reciprocal change occurs between the two parties.