Translated Title: Judaism in Russia: Past and Present
Topics: Main Topic: Identity and Community, Hassidim, Chabad-Lubavitch, Religious Denominations, Religious Belief, Religious Observance and Practice, Jewish Community
Abstract: This report contains a short description of Judaism as a theological, ethical and juridical system, as well as main stages of its history, of modern trends in its development, particularly, of its traditional and reformist segments. A considerable attention is devoted to Khasidic branch of Judaism, namely to the Khabad-Lubavich movement, because it plays an important and ambivalent role in the Judaic communities of the post-Soviet Russia. The report demonstrates activities of main all-Russian Judaist organizations, and analyzed their mutual relations. It is noticed, that really religious, or, at least, practicing Jews, represent only a minor fraction in the contemporary Russian Jewry, while the predominant part of it is composed of practically religiously indifferent people.