Topics: Focus Groups, Kashrut, Shechita / Ritual Slaughter, Comparisons with other communities, Main Topic: Other
Abstract: The main aims of the DIALREL project are to explore the conditions for promoting the dialogue between interested parties and stakeholders and facilitating the adoption of good religious slaughter practices. The additional aim is to review and propose a mechanism for implementation and monitoring of good practices. A work plan consisting of 6 work packages has been prepared (WP1 to WP6). The implementation is to be achieved by consultations, gathering, exchanging and reviewing of information and networking throughout. Dissemination activities are involving internet site(s) for networking and organised workshops that provides the platform for debate, exchange of information and consensus. www.dialrel.eu This workpackage (WP3) is mainly devoted to building up a synthesis on halal and kosher consumption as well as kosher and halal consumer attitudes, beliefs, and concerns towards religious slaughter in selected European Union (EU) and associate countries. Although some legal, animal health, and welfare aspects have been investigated so far, very few studies have taken into account the consumption dimension. Therefore, WP3 aims to fill in the lacuna in knowledge in this area by organizing targeted comparative studies on halal and kosher consumption in Europe. The objective of this work package is to build on available data, set up new or modified methodologies, and stimulate the exchange of views that will lead to improved practices. Activities of WP3 are intended to describe the current situation using available information, and elaborate on new methodologies in order to facilitate systematic collection and analysis of subsequent information in the future. This report explore consumer concerns, knowledge, and information relating to the religious slaughter process as well as halal and kosher products by gathering information and carrying out consumer studies in member and associate countries using Focus Groups (FG) in seven countries including five EU countries : Belgium, France, Germany, Israel, The Netherlands, Turkey and United Kingdom.
Abstract: Abstract There is a very small, yet important minority within the community of European Union kosher consumers. There is a great deal of research regarding objective aspects of the kosher religious as well as civil laws and their implementation, but comparatively little research about the subjective attitudes, opinions, and concerns of those who actually purchase and consume kosher food. Such information can be important for a variety of interested parties including suppliers, distributors, regulatory agencies, legislators, and certifying agencies as well as religious authorities. We collected relevant data by organizing hour-long Focus Groups (FG) in five European cities and a suburb of Tel Aviv. The FG addressed consumer attitudes related to shopping practices, commitment, trust, and certification as well as their knowledge and opinions regarding nonhuman animal welfare as it relates to shechita (kosher slaughter) and knowledge of the issue of stunning animals at the time of killing. One of the significant findings was a high level of secularization among Jews that translates to a low level of commitment to eating kosher. But this was accompanied by assertions that eating kosher was an important religious obligation and complaints of low availability and high cost. There was a strong feeling, even among those less committed to eating kosher, that shechita was the preferred method of slaughtering an animal (more animal friendly) and a strong suspicion of anti-Semitism as a motivation for any attempt to impose a stunning obligation.