Topics: Jewish Community, Main Topic: Antisemitism, Antisemitism, European Union, Nationalism, Citizenship
Abstract: The article discusses the situation and condition of the European Jews in Europe. The political situation in Austria initiated the call for the immigration of the Jews to Israel. The treasurer of the Jewish Agency, Chaim Chestler, called on the Jews in Austria to immigrate to Israel following a victory in the Austrian elections. Zionism was the viable mode of cultural identification Jews in Austria. However, the Jews came to understand that their European citizenship served as protection against virulent nationalism and threat of antisemitism.
Topics: Jewish Neighbourhoods, Cities and Suburbs, Main Topic: Other, Jewish Space, Orthodox Judaism, Ethnography, Shabbat, Eruv
Abstract: This article offers an ethnographic and material culture analysis of a spatial phenomenon that I call "rabbinic urbanism," using the planning and construction of the London eruv as an example. My investigation focuses on a late-twentieth- century form of the eruv, through which I hope to contribute to an enlarged understanding of the ways in which Jews locate themselves in urban space. The type of rabbinic urbanism I observed in London and will elaborate below was characterized by ritualized uses and practices of space, legal designations, and sanctification of the mundane through a host of communal gestures and debates.
White Piano in a Shtetl: Material Culture and Ethnic Identity in the Post-Soviet Jewish Urban Community
Topics: Post-1989, Jewish Revival, Yiddish, Jewish Music, Jewish Culture, Main Topic: Culture and Heritage
Abstract: The revival of Jewish culture in post-Soviet Moscow manifested itself in tremendous interest in Yiddish music among both Jewish and non-Jewish artists and viewers. Large-scale in their scope and original in their unorthodox interpretations, performances of Yiddish music filled the largest concert halls of Moscow in the early 2000s. What do the production, content, and reception of these shows teach us about post-Soviet Jewish identity? This article examines works by Efim Alexandrov and Alexander Tsaliuk, contemporary Russian artists who chose to devote their careers to the revival of Yiddish music in post-Soviet Russia.