Topics: Oral History and Biography, Main Topic: Identity and Community, Jewish Identity, Jewish Community, Attitudes to Jews, Holocaust Survivors, Memory
Abstract: The subject of mental formation of an image about the Other brings together and creates a relationship between areas seemingly not in an obvious connection, such as Cultural Anthro- pology, Imagology, Sociology, and the area of Communication Studies. In other words, the essence of intercultural communication and research is understanding how cultures, subcultures, or, better said, groups generally communicate to others and among themselves. Because any communication is fundamentally intercultural, it means accepting the Other, understanding the cultural game differences and different ways of thinking. Having the central focus of analysis on imagology and ethno-psychology, the theme of the research is to show how the Jewish community of Romania has built their auto-image and hetero-image in recent years. This contributes to observing the construction of identity through multiple attributions that make a differentiating picture. The study aims to show how the identity and alterity are built through images about the Self and images about the Other. This type of analysis has been applied in various ways to different ethnic or cultural communities, as members issued their own perceptions of the world and of alterity, conceptualized through images and symbols. Images about ourselves and about the others have an important role in social construction and they result of, and depend on, how we relate and communicate with the Other. If the socio-mythical-economic portrait of the “Jew” has been so far widely discussed in Andrei Oişteanu’s work (2004), which is based on the stereotypical image of the Jews in European culture until the early 1970s – 1980s, this paper tries to illustrate how the image of the Romanian Jewish community is being perceived today. This research is part of a larger study dealing with life stories as means of intercultural communication and has as a central point the stories of the Shoah survivors.
Topics: Anti-Zionism, Antisemitism: Far right, Antisemitism: Muslim, Islamophobia, Main Topic: Antisemitism
Abstract: Since political Zionism was invented, the French Extreme-Right has had ambivalent feelings about it. Its traditional anti-Semitism fed conspiracy theories that Zionism was a Jewish domination plot. At the same time, it was interpreted as a means of getting rid of the Jews by their own will. When France lost its North-African colonies and the Arab world was supported by the Communist bloc, the Extreme-Right split into a pro-Western, pro-Israel faction and proponents of a Third Way who opposed the mere existence of Israel. This antagonism has become a real divide since the start of the Second Intifada and the rise of Muslim anti-Semitism in France.
Topics: Holocaust, Holocaust Education, Communism, Main Topic: Holocaust and Memorial, Memory, Post-1989
Abstract: For a variety of historical and cultural reasons, many societies across Central and Eastern Europe have not embraced the history of the Holocaust as it is understood in Western Europe and the U.S. and Israel, nor have they incorporated it substantively in their education systems, textbooks, and curricula. This article reviews the shared historical experiences of the Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania during the Second World War and the Soviet period and considers how those shaped contemporary perspectives and attitudes in the region. Using data from cross-cultural exchanges between Estonians and foreign advocates of Holocaust education, the article shows that distrust exists around evidence gathered or disseminated by the Soviets and about perceived inconsistencies in the pursuit of justice. It finally compares two approaches to foreign engagement in the Holocaust, one rooted in power that was counterproductive and one rooted in dialogue that seems more promising.
Translated Title: The Formal Session of the Chamber of Deputies of Romania on Holocaust commemoration
Naţionalism, rasism, antisemitism şi xenofobie pe platformele electronice ale unor publicaţii româneşti difuzate pe internet
Translated Title: Nationalism, racism, xenophobia and anti-Semitism on electronic platforms of Romanian publications diffused on the Internet
Abstract: Since 1997, the Internet has become a virtual space for discussing all kinds of topics and extremist groups from Romania and around the world started to use Internet as a means not only to spread their radical ideas, but also to create an information network for coordinating political actions. The study „Nationalism, racism, xenophobia and anti-Semitism on electronic platforms of Romanian publications diffused on the Internet” aims to critically analyze opinions expressed by Internet users in forums and blogs and to understand the mechanisms behind taking extremist ideas from books, mass-media and other traditional or electronic publications, converting them into clichés, and finally transforming them into radical comments.
Abstract: The following study uses qualitative analysis to identify the main anti-semitic and denial themes used in Romanian media. The ethical hypothesis of the analysis is that, in the modern society freedom of expression is not unlimited. There are messages which incite hate or which urge for discriminatory actions. In 2002, Romania has rallied together with other countries which implemented active policies in order to discourage negationism and profascist symbolism. Despite this the media continues to disseminate anti-semitic and negationist symbols. The paper is structured around themes and the media instruments used to transmit negationist and anti-semitic messages. Following a definition of Holocaust denial and anti-semitism, we focus on clearly underlining some specific topics. One of the conclusions is that the symbolical manifestations which can be seen in the mainstream are diminishing, while violent and vocal negationism is becoming repetitive.
Topics: Main Topic: Holocaust and Memorial, Holocaust Survivors, Holocaust, Holocaust Commemoration, Holocaust Survivors: Children of, Memory
Abstract: It is a fact, that the Holocaust of European Jews has marked in various ways the Jewish diaspora and the Jewish presence worldwide. In the case of the Jews who live in Greece and especially in the city of Thessaloniki, though the Community delayed to break silence about this traumatic historic event, this fact was never let slip from memory. In the public sphere of action, the updating of Holocaust takes place through community actions at first hand and, later, through initiatives from local authorities, by making mnemonic and memorial donations. For the past seventy-four years, Holocaust inheres as a memory in three post-war Jewish generations in Thessaloniki and seals diversely the identity of the social subjects. This mnemonic event in collaboration with the social and politic developments and turmoils, describes the identity of the Jewish element, both directly and indirectly. The presentation will be focused on qualitative empirical data of fieldwork, from a sociological analysis perspective. More specifically, in this paper it will be explored the way in which, the Holocaust of the Greek Jewry emphasizes on the individual and collective responsibilities and, at the same time, it’s function as a contemporary conservation mechanism of the Jewish identity, a cohesive bond of the Greek-Jewry in Thessaloniki.