Translated Title: Sociological Research of Antisemitism in Slovakia after 1989 in a Critical Perspective
Abstract: Article critically analyses approaches that Slovak sociologists have been using in their analysis of antisemitism in Slovakia after 1989. The article describes quantitative methods used by Slovak sociologists and suggests need of a complex approach to research of antisemitism. Author argues that modern antisemitism is de-judaized, while Slovak researchers focus more on a research of prejudices and stereotypes toward Jews. The research of antisemitism in Slovakia is fully dominated by a Bogarduss scale of social distance while different relevant research methods are not used by Slovak experts. Moreover, in the process of interpretations of public opinion surveys experts do not take into account the so-called escaping answers of respondents and attempts to run away from answering sensitive questions. Socio-psychological research, reflecting authoritarian personality, anomy, alienation and ontological insecurity of common people as sources of anti-Semitism, is rather rare in Slovakia. Consequently, quantitative research of antisemitism in Slovakia can be evaluated as insufficient. De-judaized perspective of anti-Semitism and even of Jews themselves in a Sartre´s sense is remaining one of the greatest challenges for sociologists researching antisemitism in Slovakia.