Abstract: This article begins by looking at Judaism's approach to the concept of law and then moves on to consider the nature and structure of Jewish Law. It then moves on to look at the interaction of Judaism with secular legal systems. This provides a Jewish framework against which the Archbishop of Canterbury's 2008 lecture may be assessed. The article ends by considering some aspects of the interaction between Jewish Law and UK law in particular Divorce (Religious Marriages) Act 2002 and the JFS (Jews Free School) Case.
Abstract: This article considers in detail the decision of the UK Supreme Court on the admissions criteria of what is known as the JFS, formerly the Jews' Free School (E, R (on the application of) v Governing Body of JFS & Anor  UKSC 15). This school was oversubscribed and part of its oversubscription policy was to give precedence to children recognised as Jewish by the Office of the Chief Rabbi (OCR). The OCR only recognised someone as Jewish if it recognised that person's mother as Jewish ('matrilineal descent') or if he or she had undertaken a qualifying course of Orthodox conversion. The Supreme Court held that this was in breach of the Race Relations Act 1976 as being discriminatory. This article considers both the actual decision and its implications not only for Jewish schools but also for faith schools in general.