Perpetual Diaspora, Changing Homelands: The Construction of Russian-Speaking Jews as a Diaspora of Both Israel and Russia
Abstract: This article considers the interrelationship between a homeland and its diasporic communities from the point of view of the homeland. In particular, it examines the policies adopted by Russia and Israel toward the same group; that is, the Russian-speaking Jews who have immigrated to Israel from the former Soviet Union. The article demonstrates how the construction of this migrant population as diasporic community of the “homeland” gives rise to unexpected challenges to the symbolic definition of the “nation.” These challenges add a new perspective in this regard, rendering tenuous the claim of the nation to primordiality, constancy, and coherence.
Key Characteristics and Transformation of Jewish-Ukrainian Relations During the Period of Ukraine's Independence: 1991–2008
Abstract: During the past 20 years, Jewish-Ukrainian relations in Ukraine have undergone four phases, beginning with a relatively open and optimistic phase during the years of late perestroika to the present Potemkin-like status. The current president of Ukraine insists that all is well despite indicators that point to sharp increases in the manifestation of traditional anti-Semitism, as well as an official entrenchment of a histiography that excludes the history of Jews in a country that once had one of the largest populations of Jews in the world.