Abstract: The political preferences of Britain's Jewish community, as well as the factors which underpin them, have been historically under-researched. This paper addresses this both empirically and conceptually. The study complements emerging evidence by showing that British Jews overwhelmingly support the Conservatives, but also employs longitudinal data for the first time to show that this association has strengthened sharply over recent election cycles. These findings highlight how existing theories of the effects of religious belonging on voting struggle to explain religious groups with volatile partisan preferences, such as British Jews. The paper therefore makes the case that the mechanism of party support should be understood differently in such cases. To this end, the findings presented here are consistent with the notion that security for Jews acts as a group utility heuristic, which leads voters to reward parties on the basis of how they are judged in prioritising security for Jews.
Abstract: This paper shows that the historical association of the British Jewish community with the Labour party is a thing of the past, and that a large majority now support the Conservatives. We test competing explanations for this realignment; (i) socio-economic progression, (ii) that perceptions of anti-Jewish discrimination no longer align British Jews with Labour given recent antisemitism scandals, and finally (iii) perceptions of Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn, who many identify as personally responsible for failing to address and even tacitly embracing antisemitism within Labour. We find evidence that Jewish voters identify a lot more as middle class and that they do not believe that antisemitic prejudice holds them back in society. Both of these factors make Labour less appealing to Jews than is the case for other minority groups. We also find that Jeremy Corbyn is disliked by Jews more than non-Jews, irrespective of how they feel towards Labour generally.
Where Jewish Votes May Matter Most: The Institute for Jewish Policy Research Guide to the 2015 General Election in the UK
Abstract: Whilst Jews represent about 0.5% of the UK's population, there are sizeable groups in a number of constituencies, particularly in and around parts of Greater London and Manchester. There is no evidence to suggest Jews vote in any way as a bloc, but their votes, like all people's, may particularly matter in 2015, as the polls show the two main parties running more or less neck-and-neck.
Abstract: Différents travaux de recherche ont montré le soutien marqué de l’électorat juif pour la gauche à la fin des années 70 et lors de la présidentielle de 1981. Depuis, un déplacement progressif s’est opéré vers la droite. En 2007 puis en 2012, la droite a bénéficié d’une large assise, même si toutes les familles politiques étaient représentées au sein de cet électorat. Ainsi, loin d’un unique vote juif, existe-t-il plutôt des votes juifs.