Introduction Thomas Nolden and Vivian Liska
1. Secret Affinities: Contemporary Jewish Writing in Austria Vivian Liska
2. Writing against Reconciliation: Contemporary Jewish Writing in Germany Stephan Braese
3. Remembering or Inventing the Past: Second-Generation Jewish Writers in the Netherlands Elrud Ibsch
4. Bonds with a Vanished Past: Contemporary Jewish Writing in Scandinavia Eva Ekselius
5. Imagined Communities: Contemporary Jewish Writing in Great Britain Bryan Cheyette
6. A la recherche du Judaïsme perdu: Contemporary Jewish Writing in France Thomas Nolden
7. Ital'Yah Letteraria: Contemporary Jewish Writing in Italy Christoph Miething
8. Writing along Borders: Contemporary Jewish Writing in Hungary Péter Varga with Thomas Nolden
9. Making Up for Lost Time: Contemporary Jewish Writing in Poland Monika Adamczyk-Garbowska
10. De-Centered Writing: Aspects of Contemporary Jewish Writing in Russia Rainer Grübel and Vladimir Novikov
case of a father who struggles against his burdening family-past and unconscious anti-Semitism by becoming a „quasi-Jew" through sacrificing his daughter by sending her to a Jewish school
the Jewish heritage of Bessarabia, Bukovina, and Transnistria. It is
even more difficult to enshrine the remembrance of the victims of the
Shoah in the country’s collective memory, as an analysis of school books
shows. Commemoration of the Holocaust has become a political pawn in
a dispute over history and the politics of identity. Politicians and historians
are arguing over “Moldovanism” and “Romanianism”. Behind this is a
struggle over Moldova’s political orientation. Reviving Jewish community
life seems easier than working through the past and remembrance.
The expression of being Serbian, Sephardic, and Jewish is shaped and transmitted by this small group of musicians as they actively engage in a variety of discourses. These discourses concern the role of technology in the transmission of their practice, historical consciousness and nostalgia, and personal and social identities. By looking at how musical and social domains are established and promoted through performance, I show how personal taste and individual creativity play a role in representing Jewish culture in Serbia and Serbian-Jewish culture to an international audience. Ultimately, Shira u’tfila helps redefine ideas of Serbian Jewishness, and articulates an understanding of music in Jewish life as behavior that embraces both sacred and
secular, both Jewish and non-Jewish, repertoire.
This volume of original essays explores the memory of the Holocaust and the Jewish past in postcommunist Eastern Europe. Devoting space to every postcommunist country, the essays in Bringing the Dark Past to Light explore how the memory of the “dark pasts” of Eastern European nations is being recollected and reworked. In addition, it examines how this memory shapes the collective identities and the social identity of ethnic and national minorities. Memory of the Holocaust has practical implications regarding the current development of national cultures and international relationships.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
Preface and Acknowledgments
John-Paul Himka and Joanna Beata Michlic
1. "Our Conscience Is Clean": Albanian Elites and the Memory of the Holocaust in Postsocialist Albania
2. The Invisible Genocide: The Holocaust in Belarus
Per Anders Rudling
3. Contemporary Responses to the Holocaust in Bosnia and Herzegovina
4. Debating the Fate of Bulgarian Jews during World War II
5. Representations of the Holocaust and Historical Debates in Croatia since 1989
6. The Sheep of Lidice: The Holocaust and the Construction of Czech National History
7. Victim of History: Perceptions of the Holocaust in Estonia
8. Holocaust Remembrance in the German Democratic Republic--and Beyond
9. The Memory of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Hungary
Part 1: The Politics of Holocaust Memory
Part 2: Cinematic Memory of the Holocaust
10. The Transformation of Holocaust Memory in Post-Soviet Latvia
11. Conflicting Memories: The Reception of the Holocaust in Lithuania
Saulius Sužied<edot>lis and Šarūnas Liekis
12. The Combined Legacies of the "Jewish Question" and the "Macedonian Question"
13. Public Discourses on the Holocaust in Moldova: Justification, Instrumentalization, and Mourning
14. The Memory of the Holocaust in Post-1989 Poland: Renewal--Its Accomplishments and Its Powerlessness
Joanna B. Michlic and Małgorzata Melchior
15. Public Perceptions of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Romania
Felicia Waldman and Mihai Chioveanu
16. The Reception of the Holocaust in Russia: Silence, Conspiracy, and Glimpses of Light
17. Between Marginalization and Instrumentalization: Holocaust Memory in Serbia since the Late 1980s
18. The "Unmasterable Past"? The Reception of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Slovakia
19. On the Periphery: Jews, Slovenes, and the Memory of the Holocaust
Gregor Joseph Kranjc
20. The Reception of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Ukraine
in Moldova in the 1990–2000s. he author presents evidence in favor of good prospects of the Jewish community
in Moldova: the state policy which allowed creating cultural national autonomies, the activity of CHABAD,
support of the community life provided by the local small businessmen, as well as the use of Yiddish.
structure has been highly significant in the post-Soviet environment of
the recent decades. Attempts to institutionalize Jewish communities in the countries of the former Soviet Union—post-Soviet Jews, no matter where they live today, need to resolve a plethora of problems similar in nature but different in scope. The search for cultural, national, and linguistic identity remains a firm objective. It is only natural that in such circumstances the language problem is a key identifying factor. The article looks at the contemporary role and status of Yiddish taking the example of Ukraine, where the tradition of this language, has never been broken despite the hardships and troubles of the past century.
the Jewish community since 1990. Yet, this article also posits that non-Jewish Germans too have
changed substantially due to immigration and new generational views on the legacy of the Holocaust.
As such, Jewish Studies has to communicate the history of the German Jewry to Jews and
Gentiles mostly unfamiliar with its rich legacy. It needs to comment on Holocaust memorialization
to educate new generations of Gentiles as well as Jewish immigrants, for whom the end of
the Cold War bears more significance than the Holocaust. Finally, it needs to be part of new conversations
between Christians and Jews that also includes the large Muslim minority in Germany.
While the changing audiences in Germany dictate a focus on Jews in Germany, Jewish Studies
also needs to embrace a more European perspective reflective of the more comparative and transdisciplinary
scholarship abroad. Despite the significant growth of Jewish Studies in Germany over
the last two decades, these challenges call for even greater efforts.
The lack of leadership in the Jewish community in Hungary prevents an obstacle to the promotion of Jewish peoplehood as a focal point for developing the community of tomorrow. The Hungarian Jewish community suffers from a weak and ineffective structure and a lack of leadership. Nevertheless, the last decade has witnessed a revival of Jewish life in Hungary, with a particular focus on Jewish peoplehood. This focus is both a challenge and an opportunity for the Jewish community in Hungary.