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Author(s): Bharat, Adi Saleem
Date: 2020
Abstract: This thesis examines representations of Jewish-Muslim relations in contemporary French newspaper discourse, literary writing, and interreligious dialogue initiatives. Specifically, it analyses the extent to which a dominant discourse of inherently tense binary Jewish-Muslim relations exists and how individual Jewish and Muslim writers and interreligious dialogue activists navigate this difficult socio-political terrain. While I conceptualize some aspects of literary writing and interreligious dialogue as counter-narratives, this thesis does not simply seek to counterbalance the dominant narrative of polarization found in the media, but to demonstrate, first, how this narrative constructs public Jewish and Muslim identities and shapes the terrain on which interactions between Jews and Muslims occur. My thesis reveals that Jewish and Muslim writers and interreligious activists are deeply invested in challenging the oppositional model of Jewish-Muslim relations. However, my research also suggests that their level of success depends in large part on their ability to navigate normative understandings of Jewishness and Muslimness that are often overdetermined by the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. First, this thesis traces how Jewish-Muslim relations are defined and constructed in the media, focusing on the national dailies Le Monde and Le Figaro due to their considerable agenda-setting and framing power as elite and prestigious sites of journalistic expression. Subsequently, I consider how a set of contemporary novelists, Emilie Frèche, Thierry Cohen, and Nadia Hathroubi-Safsaf, formulate their visions of intergroup relations within this broader context. The novelists in this project have been included in the extent to which their works can be read as—and often are explicitly stated by these authors to be—a set of political interventions into the contemporary and highly politicized category of Jewish-Muslim relations. Finally, I examine how Jewish and Muslim activists promote interreligious dialogue and the challenges they face in doing so within a French republican framework that privileges the non-differentiation of ethnoreligious specificities. I conclude that the initiatives most likely to effectively challenge the dominant model of polarized Jewish-Muslim relations in contemporary France are those that de-emphasize Jewishness and Muslimness as separate and mutually exclusive categories, and instead emphasize hybrid identities and shared histories, while adopting an embodied, differentiated approach to solidarity.
Date: 2022
Author(s): Törning, Lenita
Date: 2021
Abstract: This thesis focuses on young Christians’, Jews’ and Muslims’ experiences of interfaith work in the UK and what impact(s) being involved in interfaith might have on their religious, social, ethical and political identities. It is situated in a growing academic and policy interest in interfaith work as a means to build cohesive communities, mitigate tension and conflicts, and encourage active citizenship. It also engages with still under-explored questions around how young people active in interfaith work are affected by this activism. The aim is not only to understand how and why young people from different religions are involved in interfaith work, but also the impact being involved in interfaith work might have on young people’s identities and sense of belonging. Focusing on the biographical accounts of young Christians, Jews and Muslims involved in three different interfaith organisations in UK, the thesis explores how the young people have become interested in interfaith work; the relationships, messages and contexts that have been important in forging this interest and activism; what interfaith work means to them socially, theologically, ethically and politically; and the challenges they have experienced with this form of faith-based engagement. Drawing on Kate Tilleczek’s ‘complex cultural nesting approach’, this thesis attends to the young people’s complex personal experiences of interfaith work and the different social actors, contexts and frameworks that have been important in forming this interest. The thesis shows that, to understand young people’s interfaith work, we need a multidimensional approach that considers social and theological dimensions in young people’s lives; look at how interfaith work is a means to fulfil social and political goals, but also forms of theological commitment; and explore how challenges facing interfaith work inform young people’s experiences in different ways, particularly theological, social and political tension in relation to interfaith space, religious congregations and British society at large.
Author(s): Younes, Anne-Esther
Date: 2020
Abstract: This paper examines the discourse around anti-Semitism in Germany since 2000. The discourse makes use of the figure of the Jew for national security purposes (i.e. via the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the trope of the “dangerous Muslim”) and the politics of national identity. The article introduces the concept of the “War on Anti-Semitism”, an assemblage of policies about national belonging and security that are propelled primarily by white racial anxieties. While the War on Terror is fought against the Muslim Other, or the War on Drugs is fought against predominantly Latinx and Black communities, the War on Anti-Semitism is ostensibly fought on behalf of the racialized Jewish Other. The War on Anti-Semitism serves as a pretext justifying Germany's internal and external security measures by providing a logic for the management of non-white migration in an ethnically diverse yet white supremacist Europe.

In 2000, a new citizenship law fundamentally changed the architecture of belonging and im/migration by replacing the old Wilhelminian jus sanguinis (principle of blood) with a jus soli (principle of residency). In the wake of these changes and the resulting racial anxiety about Germanness, state sponsored civil-society educational programs to fight anti-Semitism emerged, targeting predominantly Muslim non-/citizens. These education programs were developed alongside international debates around the War on Terror and what came to be called “Israel-oriented anti-Semitism” in Germany (more commonly known as “Muslim anti-Semitism”).

Triangulated through the enduring legacy of colonial racialization, the Jew and the Muslim are con/figured as enemies in socio-political German discourses. This analysis of the War on Anti-Semitism has serious implications for our understanding of “New Europe”. By focusing on the figure of the Jew and the Muslim, the implications of this work transcend national borders and stress the important connection between fantasy, power, and racialization in Germany and beyond.
Author(s): Baer, Marc David
Date: 2013
Date: 2012
Abstract: Das Urteil des Landgerichts Köln vom Mai 2012 zur Beschneidung hat heftige Kritik hervorgerufen, weil es eine elementare rituelle Praxis von Juden und Muslimen kriminalisiert und Religion auf eine Angelegenheit des Strafrechts reduziert. Überraschend war die Intensität der folgenden Mediendebatte. Sie zeigte, dass es nicht allein um ein Ritual und seine Begründung, sondern um Grundfragen des gesellschaftlichen Zusammenlebens und der religiösen Selbstbestimmung geht. Die Autorinnen und Autoren des Bandes leisten aus interdisziplinärer Perspektive einen Debattenbeitrag und werben um Verständnis für eine Tradition, die für Juden und Muslime nicht verhandelbar ist.

Inhaltsverzeichnis: Johannes Heil, Stephan J. Kramer: Das Zeichen des Bundes in der Kritik (9-14); I. Geschichte und Kultur. Joachim Friedrich Quack: Die traditionelle Beschneidung, ihr Verbot und ihre Sondergenehmigung im Alten Ägypten (17-22); Johannes Heil: Beschneidung als Motiv in Alteritätsdiskursen und Judenfeindschaft (23-35); Andreas Brämer: Die jüdische Beschneidungsfrage in Deutschland um 1850 (36-40); Daniel Krochmalnik: Mila und Schoa (41-50); Hanna Liss: Und auch meine Shabbate gab ich ihnen (51-60); Anat Feinberg: Brit Mila in der hebräischen Literatur (61-68); II. Recht und Rechte: Heiner Bielefeldt: Menschenrecht, kein Sonderrecht (71-82); Michael Germann: Die grundrechtliche Freiheit zur religiös motivierten Beschneidung (83-97); Kyrill-A. Schwarz: Die aus religiösen Gründen gebotene Beschneidung und das Verfassungsrecht (98-114); Franziska Kelle: Die Vereinbarkeit der rituellen Beschneidung bei Jungen mit der UN-Kinderrechtskonvention (115-133); Edward Schramm: Die Beschneidung von Knaben aus strafrechtswissenschaftlicher Sicht (134-145); Bijan Fateh-Moghadam: Strafrecht und Religion im liberalen Rechtsstaat (146-159); Benjamin Jokisch: Islamische Knabenbeschneidung in Deutschland (160-170); III. Medizin, Religion und Lebenspraxis: Robert Jütte: Die Medikalisierung eines religiösen Rituals - oder: von der wachsenden Deutungsmacht der Ärzte im Beschneidungsdiskurs (173-180); Antje Yael Deusel: Medizinische Aspekte der Brit Mila (181-190); Michael Bongardt: Vom Recht auf Freiheit und der Pflicht zur Toleranz (191-198); Gesa S. Ederberg: "durch dein Blut sollst du leben." (199-204); Giuseppe Veltri: (K)ein Konflikt zwischen Grundprinzipien: Das Wohl des Menschen und der jüdische Brauch der Beschneidung (205-216); IV. Die Debatte: Peter Widmann: Ein Gerichtsurteil und seine mediale Inszenierung (219-227); Micha Brumlik: Ein Urteil aus Köln - Der Gesetzgeber vor dem Ernstfall (228-232); Birgit E. Klein: Brit Mila: Innerjüdische Kritik und die Konstruktion von Geschlecht und Geschlechterrollen (233-255); Havva Engin: Die deutsche Beschneidungsdebatte: Anmerkungen aus muslimischer Perspektive (256-260); Ulrich Deutschmann: Der Balken in meinem Auge (261-263); Juliane Wetzel: Judenfeindliche Stereotypisierungen: Das Beschneidungsurteil im öffentlichen Diskurs (264-276).
Author(s): Bharat, Adi Saleem
Date: 2021
Author(s): Ben-Moshe, Danny
Date: 2015
Author(s): Burke, Shani
Date: 2018