Abstract: Revival of Jewish national and cultural life and its organizational structure has been highly significant in the post-Soviet environment of the recent decades. Attempts to institutionalize Jewish communities in the countries of the former Soviet Union—post-Soviet Jews, no matter where they live today, need to resolve a plethora of problems similar in nature but different in scope. The search for cultural, national, and linguistic identity remains a firm objective. It is only natural that in such circumstances the language problem is a key identifying factor. The article looks at the contemporary role and status of Yiddish taking the example of Ukraine, where the tradition of this language, has never been broken despite the hardships and troubles of the past century.