Abstract: Antisemitism and Islamophobia are two phenomena that have seemingly been growing in parallel across the globe in the period since the 9/11 attacks in 2001. As discussed in other chapters of this book, the question of whether they are essentially similar to one another or fundamentally different is highly controversial. This chapter will examine the question from the perspective of the Balkans. There, violence and chauvinism against Jews and against Muslims have frequently gone hand in hand, but have also diverged at times from one another. The relationship of state policy and nationalist ideology towards Muslims and Jews has been shaped by a common framework, but varied according to political circumstances
Antisemitism, Islamophobia and the Search for Common Ground in French Antiracist Movements since 1898
Topics: Antisemitism, Islamophobia, Jewish - Muslim Relations, Main Topic: Antisemitism, Anti-Zionism, Politics, Racism
Abstract: The dawn of the twenty-first century was a testing time for ideals of a united front against racism in France, witnessing sharp disagreement among antiracists about the relative importance of antisemitism and post-colonial racism, including Islamophobia. A flashpoint for this debate was in 2004, when France’s best-known antiracist groups—Mouvement contre le racisme et pour l’amitié entre les peuples (MRAP), Ligue des droits de l’homme (LDH), Ligue internationale contre le racisme et l’antisémitisme (LICRA) and SOS Racisme—publicly broke ranks over precisely such a fault-line. This chapter aims to set this acrimonious debate in a much longer-term historical context, by asking whether the opposing positions of what have been termed the ‘Four Sisters’ of French antiracism can be explained by truly irreconcilable approaches.