Topics: Jewish Community, Haredi / Strictly Orthodox Jews, Housing, Jewish Schools, Cities and Suburbs, Main Topic: Other
Abstract: This study reveals the top-down strategy the Satmar community adopts to claim territory and influence the private and public spaces in the new settlement of Canvey Island. Purchasing the school made it possible to concentrate the community in a compact peripheral area at a relatively low cost. This collaboration is mostly explained by the attractiveness of Canvey Island, which offers an affordable solution to housing problems within an hour drive from Stamford Hill (North of London). The inherent lack of collaborations and cohesion in the veteran local population limits their ability to safeguard their spatial rights and maintain their social practices. Today Satmar is considered one of the most dominant congregations of the Torah world, and the veteran residents of Canvey Island are concerned about its impact on the public spaces, and its possible ramifications
Dynamics of Transcendence and Urbanism: The Latent Mechanisms of Everyday Religious Life and City Spaces
Topics: Jewish Identity, Jewish Community, Jewish Neighbourhoods, Jewish Space, Main Topic: Identity and Community, Haredi / Strictly Orthodox Jews, Cities and Suburbs
Abstract: This paper examines the negotiated everyday experiences of Jewish Litvish people in London and Jerusalem, exploring ideas of transcendence and immanence in these spaces. By uncovering the relations between religious identity and boundary-making in urban settings, the paper exposes the latent social, organizational, and spatial mechanisms that determine communal demarcation lines in the everyday life of city spaces. We argue that to examine such processes, one must refer to the social system that drives local processes and the values that communities draw their strength from. Empirically, we compare the mechanisms the Haredi (strictly orthodox Jews) -Litvish communities in Jerusalem and London use to delineate areas between immanence and transcendence in city life. The findings point to planners’ need to better understand how individuals cooperate and how community leaders are involved in developing urban structure.
Topics: Haredi / Strictly Orthodox Jews, Jewish Neighbourhoods, Geography, Main Topic: Other, Hassidim, Housing, Family and Household
Abstract: This study examines how non-economic inter- and intra-group relationships are reflected in residential pattern, uses a mixed methods approach designed to overcome the principal weaknesses of existing data sources for understanding micro residential dynamics. Micro–macro qualitative and quantitative analysis of the infrastructure of residential dynamics offers a holistic understanding of urban spaces organized according to cultural codes. The case study, the Haredi community, is composed of sects, and residential preferences of the Haredi sect members are highly affected by the need to live amongst ‘friends’ – other members of the same sect. Based on the independent residential records at the resolution of a single family and apartment that cover the period of 20 years the study examine residential dynamics in the Hassidic area of Stamford-Hill, reveal and analyze powerful Schelling-like mechanisms of residential segregation at the apartment, building and the near neighbourhood level. Taken together, these mechanisms are candidates for explaining the dynamics of residential segregation in the area during 1995–2015.
Topics: Haredi / Strictly Orthodox Jews, Jewish Neighbourhoods, Geography, Jewish Community, Jewish Organisations, Main Topic: Other, Hassidim, Family and Household, Housing, Demography
Abstract: This book focuses on the strict orthodox Jewish (Haredi) community, which comprises many sects whose communal identity plays a central role in everyday life and spatial organization. The research reveals and analyses powerful mechanisms of residential segregation acting at the apartment-, building- and near-neighbourhood levels. Identifying the main engines of spontaneous and organised neighbourhood change and evaluating the difficulties of liberalism dealing with non-autonomous individuals in the housing market sheds light on similar processes occurring in other city centres with diverse population groups. Highlighting the impact of various organisational levels on the spatial structure of the urban enclave, the book focuses on the internal dynamics of ethno-religious enclaves that emerge from three levels of action: (1) individuals' relationships with their own and other groups; (2) the community leadership's powers within the group and in respect of other groups; and (3) government directives and tools (e.g planning). The study examines how different levels of communal organisation are reflected in the residential patterns of four British communities: the Litvish communities of Golders Green and Gateshead, and the Hassidic communities of Stamford Hill and Canvey Island.