Translated Title: Starting Point of a Major Alyah?: On French Jews Who Emigrated to Israel after 2000
Abstract: With the upsurge in anti-Semitic actions in France and the murderous conflicts in the Middle East linked to the second intifada, the number of French migrants to Israel clearly increased between 2000 and 2006. The reason for this increase may be anxiety on the part of French Jews over the lack of concern among French administrative services and the media in response to the rise of anti-Jewish demonstrations. However, we should not overlook the fact that the Israeli administration and the Jewish Agency unceasingly encouraged the greatest possible number of Jews to settle in Israel so as to overcome the country’s demographic problems. Whether a deliberate choice or one due to fear, the migrants who idealized Israel were disappointed because of the hardships linked to integration.