Pierre Birnbaum ne se contente pas de retracer l'histoire des épousailles entre la France et ses Juifs, avec ses temps forts, ses moments de crise et ses grandes figures. Il développe une thèse originale : après avoir été longtemps l'agent de l'uniformisation républicaine et laïque, c'est aujourd'hui l'Etat qui incite les Juifs à se constituer en une communauté, largement « imaginaire ». Philosémitisme républicain et antisémitisme nationaliste se renforcent curieusement et « communautarisent par le haut » les Juifs français, tentés eux-mêmes de reconstituer, « par le bas », une communauté.
Le chemin de la Révolution française à Carpentras symboliserait-il le passage imprévu de la citoyenneté à la communauté ?
W. D. RUBINSTEIN
Jews in the British Army in the First World War
Filial Responsibility in Judaism
DAVID J. SCHNALL
When Prophecy Is Not Validated: Explaining the Unexpected in a Messianic Campaign
There exists a consensus amongst Jewish organizations regarding the need for leadership development and continuing leadership education. The present survey helps us to understand who the Jewish Agency leaders are, their organizational and educational activities and how they feel the focus of future leadership involvement and education should be directed. The study also points to a number of areas that should be developed into a possible curriculum for future leadership education purposes.
The authors discuss the roles of central agencies for Jewish education in providing Jewish education services for those with special needs. Their findings are based on results of a survey of special educators designed to gather information about the types of services provided, and how the providers collaborate with other communal agencies and institutions. The authors discuss what tends to advance this work and what tends to constrain it.
This is a policy statement adopted by the Board of Governors of the American Jewish Committee on the topic of American Jewish-Israeli relations. The situations for Israelis and for Diaspora Jews have both changed significantly since 1948, the board asserts, but many things also remain the same. The document explores these changes and continuities on topics including Jewish education, political support, Israel's Law of Return, philanthropic support, religious pluralism, aliyah (Jewish immigration to Israel) and others.
It requires considerable imagination to reconstruct the daunting task faced by early graduates of the "Schechter's Seminary" as they ventured into congregational life. How did they define their goals when there were virtually no other Conservative congregations and no United Synagogue to offer models and legitimation? How did early graduates of JTS fare? Who were their allies and antagonists? A series of letters written in the decade beginning in 1910 by recent graduates to their former professors at JTS brings to life the tribulations of pioneering Conservative rabbis.
The federation of the future will be more inclusive, more welcoming of debate, enjoy increased financial and human resources, have stronger connections to the worldwide Jewish community, and will take advantage of technological advances to achieve more and faster communication with its constituents. However, it will still define Jewish responsibility in the same way as federations of today, and its critical concem will continue to be Jewish continuity. In Journal of Jewish Communal Service, v.72 no.1-2, Fall/Winter 1995/1996.
Since the early 1970s, the participation of women in lay and professional leadership positions in federations has been on the national and local agenda. The latest employment survey found that women are slowly but surely moving into the most senior positions. The new emphasis on financial resource development may be the key to success in increasing opportunities for women. In Journal of Jewish Communal Service, v.72 no.1-2, Fall/Winter 1995/1996.