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Date: 2015
Abstract: Commemorating the seventy-year anniversary of the Holocaust in Hungary, this book focuses on current practices in teaching the Holocaust. In June 2014, at a conference co-organised by the Tom Lantos Institute, a group of professors, scholars, museum directors, and activists involved in memorial projects met at Central European University (CEU) in Budapest, Hungary, to discuss the future of Holocaust Studies. This subsequent book publication considers the potential of Holocaust memorialization and memory work to serve as a catalyst for addressing discrimination today by exploring different innovative teaching practices in higher education as well as bold and creative civic and institutional initiatives. The authors who contributed to this book project come from across Europe and North America and their work showcases new directions in Holocaust education and commemoration. TABLE OF CONTENTS INTRODUCTIONS Anna-Mária Bíró Introduction 6 John Shattuck Introduction 7 Andrea Pető and Helga Thorson Introduction: The Future of Holocaust Memorialization 8 PART 1 Institutional Perspectives and Challenges 11 Paul Shapiro Facing the Facts of the Holocaust: The Challenges and the Cost of Failure 12 Karen Jungblut The Future of Holocaust Memorialization: Institutional Perspectives and Challenges 16 Holocaust Discourses Now 21 Cecilie Felicia Stokholm Banke Teaching the Holocaust as Part of Local History: The Case of Denmark 22 Klas-Göran Karlsson Holocaust History and Historical Learning 29 John C. Swanson Returning to History: Memory and Holocaust Education 35 PART 2 Benefits and Challenges of Digital Resources 41 Helga Dorner, Edit Jeges, and Andrea Pető New Ways of Seeing: Digital Testimonies, Reflective Inquiry, and Video Pedagogy in a Graduate Seminar 42 Elizabeth Anthony The Digital Transformation of the International Tracing Service Digital Collection 46 Working against Prejudice and Hate 53 Ildikó Barna Introducing a New Subject in a Challenging Environment among Students of Military Sciences, Public Administration, and Law Enforcement in Hungary: A Case Study 54 Heike Radvan Facing Current Anti-Semitism, Racism, and Neo-Nazism: Talking about the Holocaust in Local Initiatives in East Germany 60 Charlotte Schallié The Case of Feincost Adam©: Confronting Antisemitism through Creative Memory Work 65 Rethinking Pedagogical Practices Annamaria Orla-Bukowska Remembering Righteousness: Transnational Touchstones in the International Classroom 72 Helga Thorson and Andrea van Noord Stories from the Past, Creative Representations of the Future: Inter-Cultural Exchange, the Possibility of Inter-Generational Communication, and the Future of Holocaust Studies 80 Local Initiatives in Commemorating the Holocaust Barbara Kintaert Shedding Light on the Past: Digging for Information and Grassroots Memorialization 88 Borbála Klacsmann Memory Walk: History through Monuments 100 Gabor Kalman Filming the Past for the Present 105 About the Authors 1
Date: 2013
Abstract: Despite the Holocaust’s profound impact on the history of Eastern Europe, the communist regimes successfully repressed public discourse about and memory of this tragedy. Since the collapse of communism in 1989, however, this has changed. Not only has a wealth of archival sources become available, but there have also been oral history projects and interviews recording the testimonies of eyewitnesses who experienced the Holocaust as children and young adults. Recent political, social, and cultural developments have facilitated a more nuanced and complex understanding of the continuities and discontinuities in representations of the Holocaust. People are beginning to realize the significant role that memory of Holocaust plays in contemporary discussions of national identity in Eastern Europe.

This volume of original essays explores the memory of the Holocaust and the Jewish past in postcommunist Eastern Europe. Devoting space to every postcommunist country, the essays in Bringing the Dark Past to Light explore how the memory of the “dark pasts” of Eastern European nations is being recollected and reworked. In addition, it examines how this memory shapes the collective identities and the social identity of ethnic and national minorities. Memory of the Holocaust has practical implications regarding the current development of national cultures and international relationships.

Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
Preface and Acknowledgments
Introduction
John-Paul Himka and Joanna Beata Michlic
1. "Our Conscience Is Clean": Albanian Elites and the Memory of the Holocaust in Postsocialist Albania
Daniel Perez
2. The Invisible Genocide: The Holocaust in Belarus
Per Anders Rudling
3. Contemporary Responses to the Holocaust in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Francine Friedman
4. Debating the Fate of Bulgarian Jews during World War II
Joseph Benatov
5. Representations of the Holocaust and Historical Debates in Croatia since 1989
Mark Biondich
6. The Sheep of Lidice: The Holocaust and the Construction of Czech National History
Michal Frankl
7. Victim of History: Perceptions of the Holocaust in Estonia
Anton Weiss-Wendt
8. Holocaust Remembrance in the German Democratic Republic--and Beyond
Peter Monteath
9. The Memory of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Hungary
Part 1: The Politics of Holocaust Memory
Paul Hanebrink
Part 2: Cinematic Memory of the Holocaust
Catherine Portuges
10. The Transformation of Holocaust Memory in Post-Soviet Latvia
Bella Zisere
11. Conflicting Memories: The Reception of the Holocaust in Lithuania
Saulius Sužied<edot>lis and Šarūnas Liekis
12. The Combined Legacies of the "Jewish Question" and the "Macedonian Question"
Holly Case
13. Public Discourses on the Holocaust in Moldova: Justification, Instrumentalization, and Mourning
Vladimir Solonari
14. The Memory of the Holocaust in Post-1989 Poland: Renewal--Its Accomplishments and Its Powerlessness
Joanna B. Michlic and Małgorzata Melchior
15. Public Perceptions of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Romania
Felicia Waldman and Mihai Chioveanu
16. The Reception of the Holocaust in Russia: Silence, Conspiracy, and Glimpses of Light
Klas-Göran Karlsson
17. Between Marginalization and Instrumentalization: Holocaust Memory in Serbia since the Late 1980s
Jovan Byford
18. The "Unmasterable Past"? The Reception of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Slovakia
Nina Paulovičová
19. On the Periphery: Jews, Slovenes, and the Memory of the Holocaust
Gregor Joseph Kranjc
20. The Reception of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Ukraine
John-Paul Himka
Conclusion
Omer Bartov
Contributors
Index
Date: 2011
Author(s): Almog, Yael
Date: 2018
Date: 2008
Abstract: Во многих европейских государствах и в США политика памяти о Холокосте ― один из краеугольных аспектов программ по толерантности и созданию гражданского общества. В странах Восточной Европы (в частности, в Польше и Венгрии1, а в последние годы ― в Румынии и Хорватии) отношение к Холокосту и увековечение мест памяти стали предметом общественных дискуссий и нашли отражение в государственных образовательных программах, а также в создании современных музеев и образовательных центров. Основные тенденции и особенности политики памяти об уничтожении советских евреев в годы нацистской оккупации привлекли внимание историков на постсоветском пространстве практически сразу же после создания независимых государств, которые в годы войны оказались захваченными нацистами и их пособниками (в Молдове этот процесс с участием государственных структур начался только несколько лет назад). Особенно активно дискуссии по отношению к памяти о Холокосте и участию в нем местных националистов ведутся в Украине и Литве. При государственной поддержке проводятся ежегодные научные конференции по Холокосту в Латвии. Национальный День Холокоста, приуроченный к 27 января ― дате освобождения лагеря смерти Освенцим, отмечают в Эстонии. Свои Национальные дни Холокоста, приуроченные к важным датам геноцида местных евреев, отмечают в Латвии и Литве. В Украине на государственном уровне отмечается День трагедии в Бабьем Яре.

Данная статья продолжает наши исследования проблем исторической памяти о Холокосте в Советском Союзе и странах бывшего СССР, где лишь частично затрагивалась проблема осознания Холокоста и его уроков в современной России2. Мы остановимся на нескольких сюжетах: взаимодействие общественных организаций и власти в вопросах сохранения памяти о Холокосте в России; отражение темы Холокоста в художественном и документальном кино, литературе и искусстве; исследовательские и образовательные проекты; программы по увековечению памяти жертв Холокоста на территории РФ.
Date: 2017
Abstract: The Holocaust (Shoah) Immovable Property Restitution Study is the first-ever comprehensive
compilation of all significant legislation passed since 1945 by the 47 states that participated in
the 2009 Prague Holocaust Era Assets Conference and endorsed the 2009 Terezin Declaration
that came out of the Prague conference.

The Terezin Declaration (and its companion document, the 2010 Guidelines and Best Practices,
endorsed by 43 countries) focuses in substantial part on the treatment of immovable (real)
property restitution: private, communal, and heirless property. The Study examined private,
communal, and heirless property as discrete components of each country’s restitution efforts
from 1944 to 2016.

Russia endorsed the Terezin Declaration in 2009, but declined to endorse the 2010
Guidelines and Best Practices. In 2012, the Russian Foreign Ministry stated that “the
[Terezin] declaration does not contain principles that are essential to our country. We
consider it important to deal with these issues on the basis of post-war settlement
principles fixed in the Yalta and Potsdam conferences of the Allied powers. We would
like to emphasize that it’s necessary to regard the Holocaust era as fixed in the
declaration, which means from 1933-1945.”

As part of the European Shoah Legacy Institute’s Immovable Property Restitution Study,
a Questionnaire covering past and present restitution regimes for private, communal and
heirless property was sent to all 47 Terezin Declaration governments in 2015. As of 13
December 2016, no response from Russia has been received
Date: 2017
Abstract: The Holocaust (Shoah) Immovable Property Restitution Study is the first-ever comprehensive
compilation of all significant legislation passed since 1945 by the 47 states that participated in
the 2009 Prague Holocaust Era Assets Conference and endorsed the 2009 Terezin Declaration
that came out of the Prague conference.

The Terezin Declaration (and its companion document, the 2010 Guidelines and Best Practices,
endorsed by 43 countries) focuses in substantial part on the treatment of immovable (real)
property restitution: private, communal, and heirless property. The Study examined private,
communal, and heirless property as discrete components of each country’s restitution efforts
from 1944 to 2016.

Poland endorsed the Terezin Declaration in 2009. In 2010, 43 of the countries that
endorsed the Terezin Declaration approved nonbinding Guidelines and Best Practices for
the Restitution and Compensation of Immovable (Real) Property Confiscated or
Otherwise Wrongfully Seized by the Nazi, Fascists and Their Collaborators during the
Holocaust (Shoah) Era between 1933-1945, Including the Period of World War II
(“Terezin Best Practices”). Poland initially agreed to the Terezin Best Practices but then
withdrew its support.

Poland is one of a handful of countries with a government office dedicated to Jewish
Diaspora and post-Holocaust issues. As of March 2016, Mr. Sebastian Rejak holds the
post of Special Envoy of the Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs for Relations with the
Jewish Diaspora.

As part of the European Shoah Legacy Institute’s Immovable Property Restitution Study,
a Questionnaire covering past and present restitution regimes for private, communal and
heirless property was sent to all 47 Terezin Declaration governments in 2015. As of 13
December 2016, no response from Poland has been received.
Date: 2017

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