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Date: 2013
Abstract: Despite the Holocaust’s profound impact on the history of Eastern Europe, the communist regimes successfully repressed public discourse about and memory of this tragedy. Since the collapse of communism in 1989, however, this has changed. Not only has a wealth of archival sources become available, but there have also been oral history projects and interviews recording the testimonies of eyewitnesses who experienced the Holocaust as children and young adults. Recent political, social, and cultural developments have facilitated a more nuanced and complex understanding of the continuities and discontinuities in representations of the Holocaust. People are beginning to realize the significant role that memory of Holocaust plays in contemporary discussions of national identity in Eastern Europe. This volume of original essays explores the memory of the Holocaust and the Jewish past in postcommunist Eastern Europe. Devoting space to every postcommunist country, the essays in Bringing the Dark Past to Light explore how the memory of the “dark pasts” of Eastern European nations is being recollected and reworked. In addition, it examines how this memory shapes the collective identities and the social identity of ethnic and national minorities. Memory of the Holocaust has practical implications regarding the current development of national cultures and international relationships. Table of Contents List of Illustrations Preface and Acknowledgments Introduction John-Paul Himka and Joanna Beata Michlic 1. "Our Conscience Is Clean": Albanian Elites and the Memory of the Holocaust in Postsocialist Albania Daniel Perez 2. The Invisible Genocide: The Holocaust in Belarus Per Anders Rudling 3. Contemporary Responses to the Holocaust in Bosnia and Herzegovina Francine Friedman 4. Debating the Fate of Bulgarian Jews during World War II Joseph Benatov 5. Representations of the Holocaust and Historical Debates in Croatia since 1989 Mark Biondich 6. The Sheep of Lidice: The Holocaust and the Construction of Czech National History Michal Frankl 7. Victim of History: Perceptions of the Holocaust in Estonia Anton Weiss-Wendt 8. Holocaust Remembrance in the German Democratic Republic--and Beyond Peter Monteath 9. The Memory of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Hungary Part 1: The Politics of Holocaust Memory Paul Hanebrink Part 2: Cinematic Memory of the Holocaust Catherine Portuges 10. The Transformation of Holocaust Memory in Post-Soviet Latvia Bella Zisere 11. Conflicting Memories: The Reception of the Holocaust in Lithuania Saulius Sužied<edot>lis and Šarūnas Liekis 12. The Combined Legacies of the "Jewish Question" and the "Macedonian Question" Holly Case 13. Public Discourses on the Holocaust in Moldova: Justification, Instrumentalization, and Mourning Vladimir Solonari 14. The Memory of the Holocaust in Post-1989 Poland: Renewal--Its Accomplishments and Its Powerlessness Joanna B. Michlic and Małgorzata Melchior 15. Public Perceptions of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Romania Felicia Waldman and Mihai Chioveanu 16. The Reception of the Holocaust in Russia: Silence, Conspiracy, and Glimpses of Light Klas-Göran Karlsson 17. Between Marginalization and Instrumentalization: Holocaust Memory in Serbia since the Late 1980s Jovan Byford 18. The "Unmasterable Past"? The Reception of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Slovakia Nina Paulovičová 19. On the Periphery: Jews, Slovenes, and the Memory of the Holocaust Gregor Joseph Kranjc 20. The Reception of the Holocaust in Postcommunist Ukraine John-Paul Himka Conclusion Omer Bartov Contributors Index